After a brief career as a housepainter in Perth, David Roberts began work in 1816 as a scenery painter with Mr Bannister’s Touring Circus and Theatrical Company. In 1824 Robert’s paintings were exhibited for the first time at the British Institution in London. That same year, the artist helped to found the Society of British Artists and began travelling throughout Europe. Roberts created numerous drawings during a trip to Spain, a little known country in Britain, which were later published but it was Robert’s visit to the Near East in 1838-9 that became “the great central episode of his artistic life” and established Roberts as one of the most celebrated artists of his day.
Between 1842 and 1849 Louis Haghe executed no less than 247 lithographs after Robert’s drawings. These were issued in monthly instalments and bound into volumes under the unwieldy title, The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt and Nubia. The work was a great success. Associations with a biblical past appealed to the Victorian imagination, and since Napoleon’s invasion of Egypt in 1798, the tombs and temples along the Nile had been the focus of intense European fascination.
Roberts was determined to use his own artistic talents to surpass earlier works on the subject. In order to create a true impression of the visual and emotional impact of the scenes witnessed, Roberts often forsook topographical accuracy in favour of dramatic pictorial effect. The first professional English artist to visit Egypt independently of a patron or expedition, Roberts set a standard for topographical illustration that remains unchallenged to this day.
Below are a few examples from our collection of original Antique Roberts lithographs of Egypt, the Middle East and Spain. Please click on an image to see it in high-resolution with details of the work itself. For the full list of views available, please do contact us.
Dendera: Facade of the Temple of the goddess Hathor. To the right of the entrance is a depiction of Cleopatra.
Slave Boat on the Nile. Looking towards the Pyramids of Dashour and Saccara.
Grand Approach to the Temple of Philae.
Entrance to the Tombs of the Kings: Biban-el-Molook in the Valley of the Kings.
Memnomium: Ruins of the Memnomium,Temple of Ramses II (Lesotris) during a Storm.
Great pyramid Cheops, second pyramid Cephren and the Sphynx.
Great Courtyard of Karnak and the Column of Taharqa.
Temple of Edfou at Ancient Appolinopolis Magna. Dedicated to the god Horace.
Panorama of the ruins at Luxor of the Temple of Ramses II.
Bab al-Kalabsha: Portico of the Temple of Kalabshi, the lesser sun god Mandulis. Built in 30 BC but never completed, the temple was moved to Lake Nasser after the building of the Aswan dam.
Panorama of the Lybian Mountains (Eastern Desert range) from the Temple of Luxor.
Memnon. The Great Colossi and fragments at the Memnonium.
Medinet Abou. Distant view of the Temple.
Colossi of Memnon: Erected in c1350 BC, the northern statue depicts Amenhotep III with his mother Mutemwia and the southern, the pharaoh with his wife Tiy.
Panoramic view of the temple complex and sacred lake from the Tomb of Horemheb.
Medinet Abou. Remains of the Coptic Church inside the Temple.
Karnac: Oblique view through the Hypostyle Hall. The reliefs on the columns detail the reigns and battles of Seti I and Ramesses II.
View from under the portico of the Temple of Edfou.
Abu Simble: Elevation of the Great Temple of Ramses II with the four colossi of the Pharaoh with a bas-relief of the god Ra Harakht in centre.
Approach of the Simoon: The Great Sphynx with the infamous, hot cyclonic wind twisting up before the darkening sun. The most dramatic scene in the series. RARE subscribers’ edition.
Suez: View of the the town and the Gulf.
Panorama of Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives to the Mosque of Omar.
Distant panorama of the City with robed figures in foreground.
Petra: The Ravine. The ancient capital of the Nabatean Kingdom built by the 4th century BC was rediscovered by the West in 1812.
Caiphas looking towards Mount Carmel.
Petra: Remains of the Triumphal Arch erected to the Emperor Hadrian (76-138 AD).
Nazareth: Convent of Terra Santa.
Temple Mount: The Western Wall and Dome of the Rock.
Gaza: Panoramic view approaching by Beit-Gebrin.With the Egyptian Light Dragoons and Lancers marching to Sidon (Sayda).
Jerusalem from the South: Valley of Jehosaphat with the City in the distance.
Petra: View of the theatre. Built during the reign of King Aretus of the Nabataens in 9BC-40 AD.
Petra: Al Khazneh, the treasury. View of the entrance to Nabatean mausoleum.
Galilee: Sea of Galilee or Lake Tiberias. Panoramic view showing the sea and surrounding mountains.
View over Askalon and the Sea of Tiberias.
Petra: Looking south toward the main site on Jebel al-Madhbah.
Mount Sinai: Panorama from the valley approach.
Mount Sinai: Convent of St.Catherine, looking towards the ruin of the encampment.
Sidon (Sayda): Panoramic view from the hills towards Lebanon.
Bethlehem from the hills. Sacked by the Emperor Hadrian in the 2nd Century, the city was largely rebuilt in the 4th century.
Nablous, Ancient Shechem: Panorama of the city with evening camel train and ruins in foreground.
Jordan Valley: Descent upon the valley of the Jordan.
Jerusalem and the Valley of Jehoshapat from between Scopas and the Mount of Olives.
Sidon (Sayda): Panoramic view from the shore of the port and its Sea Castle built by the Crusaders.