Glendinning: Battle of Trafalgar. 1806. An original antique woodcut. 12″ x 12″. [NAVp21]

delete Key to the illusionistic circular battle panorama of Trafalgar exhibited by Henry Barker, now lost. The viewer stepped up into the center illuminated by daylight to be given the sense of being in the midst of the battle. A miniature version of the original panorama is at Greenwich, c1820 by William Heath and is the only known surviving example. The circular illusion panorama was invented by Robert Barker.